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Abstract

Nudging majors and courses may increase the  ompetitiveness of Indonesian graduates. In order to nudge them, university corporations shall provide the characteristics of majors and courses on their websites. This paper will discuss the value of choice and an understanding of choice in decision-making, the impact of choosing wrong majors on the competitiveness of graduates, and the relation between law and human development. This paper will examine the existing laws and regulation proposal on the provision of the characteristics of majors and courses on the university corporation websites in Indonesia. The research is based on laws and regulations on education and public information related to such information provision and supported by website samples from various university corporations in Indonesia and overseas. The author proposes the government to regulate a Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education Regulation that requires university corporations in Indonesia to provide the characteristics of majors and courses on their websites to increase the competitiveness of Indonesian graduates. With the availability of the characteristics of majors and courses, prospective students may know and understand better the available majors and its learning materials. This knowledge and understanding will empower prospective students to choose majors that align with their interests and talents.


Peningkatkan daya saing lulusan perguruan tinggi di Indonesia dapat dilakukan melalui nudging jurusan dan mata kuliah. Untuk melaksanakan nudge jurusan dan mata kuliah, perguruan tinggi wajib menyediakan informasi jurusan dan mata kuliah dalam situsnya. Karya tulis ilmiah ini akan membahas pentingnya pilihan dan pemahaman akan pilihan dalam pengambilan keputusan, dampak kekeliruan pilihan jurusan terhadap daya saing lulusan, dan keterkaitan pengaturan dengan pembangunan sumber daya manusia. Karya tulis ilmiah ini akan mengkaji pengaturan yang ada dan usulan pengaturan tentang penyediaan informasi jurusan mata kuliah dalam sistem elektronik perguruan tinggi diIndonesia. Penelitian didasarkan pada peraturan perundang-undangan di bidang pendidikan dan informasi publik terkait dengan penyediaan informasi tersebut dan didukung dengan sampel situs pelbagai perguruan tinggi di Indonesia dan mancanegara. Penulis mengusulkan pemerintah untuk mengatur suatu Peraturan Menteri Riset, Teknologi dan Pendidikan Tinggi yang mensyaratkan perguruan tinggi di Indonesia untuk menyediakan informasi jurusan dan mata kuliah dalam sistem elektronik untuk meningkatkan daya saing lulusan Indonesia. Dengan ketersediaan informasi jurusan dan mata kuliah, calon mahasiswa dapat mengetahui dan memahami secara lebih jelas tentang jurusan yang tersedia dan materi ajar dalam suatu jurusan. Pengetahuan dan pemahaman ini akan memampukan calon mahasiswa untuk memilih jurusan yang selaras dengan minat dan bakatnya.

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